Robert F. LaPrade, MD, PhD, Edward R. Floyd, Kari L. Falaas, Nicholas J. Ebert, Griffin D. Struyk, Gregory B. Carlson, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Jill K. Monson


The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the largest intra-articular ligament in the knee and is the primary stabilizer to posterior tibial translation. Historically, the PCL’s functional dynamics and appropriate management after injury have been controversial. However, recent biomechanical and anatomic studies have elucidated a better understanding of PCL function, which has led to development of more anatomic reconstruction techniques. The larger anterolateral bundle and the smaller posteromedial bundle of the PCL exhibit a codominant relationship and have a wide femoral attachment footprint. For these reasons, the native kinematics of the knee is better restored with a double-bundle PCL reconstruction (DB-PCLR) technique than with a single-bundle PCL reconstruction (SB-PCLR). Likewise, clinical studies have demonstrated excellent outcomes for DB-PCLR compared to SB-PCLR, with decreased posterior knee laxity on stress radiography and improved International Knee Documentation Committee scores. This review will provide a detailed overview of the clinically relevant anatomy, biomechanics, injury evaluation, and treatment options, with an emphasis on arthroscopic DB-PCLR.

You can read the full study here: The Posterior Cruciate Ligament Anatomy, Biomechanics, and Double-Bundle Reconstruction