Background: Outcomes after transtibial pull-out repair for posterior meniscal root tears remain underreported, and factors that may affect outcomes are unknown.
Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare patient-centered outcomes after transtibial pull-out repair for posterior root tears in patients \50 and 50 years of age. We hypothesized that improvement in function and activity level at minimum 2-year follow-up would be similar among patients \50 years of age compared with patients 50 years and among pa- tients undergoing medial versus lateral root repairs.
Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.
Methods: Inclusion criteria were patients aged 18 years or older who underwent anatomic transtibial pull-out repair of the medial or lateral posterior meniscus root by a single surgeon. All patients were identified from a data registry consisting of prospectively collected data in a consecutive series. Cohorts were analyzed by age (\50 years
[n = 35] vs 50 years [n = 15]) and laterality (lateral [n = 15] vs medial [n = 35]). Patients completed a subjective questionnaire preoperatively and at minimum of 2 years post- operatively (Lysholm, Tegner, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index [WOMAC], 12-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-12], and patient satisfaction with outcome). Failure was defined as revision meniscal root repair or partial meniscectomy.
Results: The analysis included 50 knees in 49 patients (16 females, 33 males; mean age, 38.3 years; mean body mass index, 26.6). Of the 50 knees, 45 were available for analysis. Three of 45 (6.7%) required revision surgery. All failures were in patients \50 years old, and all failures underwent medial root repair. No significant difference in failure was found based on age (P = .541) or laterality (P = .544). For age cohorts, Lysholm and WOMAC scores demonstrated significant postoperative improve- ment. For laterality cohorts, all functional scores significantly improved postoperatively. No significant difference was noted in postoperative Lysholm, WOMAC, SF-12, Tegner, or patient satisfaction scores for the age cohort or the laterality cohort.
Conclusion: Outcomes after posterior meniscal root repair significantly improved postoperatively and patient satisfaction was high, regardless of age or meniscal laterality. Patients \50 years had outcomes similar to those of patients 50 years, as did patients who underwent medial versus lateral root repair. Transtibial double-tunnel pull-out meniscal root repair provided improvement in function, pain, and activity level, which may aid in delayed progression of knee osteoarthritis.