Anatomy of the Knee
The knee is one of the largest and strongest joints in the human body. Vital for multi-directional movement, the knee connects the thigh-bone (the femur) to the leg bone (the tibia). Most of this connecting mechanism is accomplished through ligaments.
Description of Ligament Knee Injuries
Ligaments are made up of strong, dense connective tissue and are crucial to maintaining knee stability. They are what allow the knee to perform movements such as walking, bending, running, turning, pivoting, etc. There are four main ligaments that stabilize the knee:
Knee ligament injuries that involve a ligament tear are very common, especially among athletes. Soccer, football, basketball, skiing and gymnastics produce the most knee ligament injuries. While most ligament injuries involve a single ligament, such as an ACL tear or MCL tear, when a major force or trauma is placed on the knee, multiple ligaments can be affected. For example, motor vehicle accidents, a hard crash on snow skis or a severe tackle on the football field can all result in complex knee injuries.
When multiple ligaments of the knee are injured, oftentimes, other problems are occurring such as a dislocated knee or a fracture. Special attention will be needed by an orthopaedic surgeon to surgically reconstruct the tears of the various ligaments.