Complex Knee Injuries

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Posterolateral Knee Injuries

Description of Posterolateral Knee Injuries

Located on the outside of the knee joint, the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee functions to stabilize the knee against direct lateral or external forces. Injuries that occur to this area are often due to a sports impact injury – from sports like – football, soccer skiing and basketball. Although […]

Posterolateral Knee Injuries

Multi-Ligament Knee Injuries

Anatomy of the Knee

The knee is one of the largest and strongest joints in the human body. Vital for multi-directional movement, the knee connects the thigh-bone (the femur) to the leg bone (the tibia). Most of this connecting mechanism is accomplished through ligaments. Sagital-MRI-ACL-PCL-crossing-in-cruciate-fashion.

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Multi-Ligament Knee Injuries

Knee Dislocation

Description of a Dislocated Knee

A dislocated knee is an uncommon knee injury seen by orthopaedic physicians.

A knee dislocation typically happens after a traumatic fall, high-speed car injury or a severe sporting accident. Sometimes, a dislocated knee will go back (reduce) into place on its own or with assistance, but this is a very painful and […]

Knee Dislocation

Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Instability

Description of Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Pain

An injury to the proximal tibiofibular joint is rather rare, but can be debilitating in patients who have symptoms.

The proximal tibiofibular joint is located between the lateral tibial plateau of the tibia, and the head of the fibula. Typically, the proximal tibiofibular joint is injured in a fall when the […]

Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Instability

Knee Instability

Overview of Knee Instability

Multidirectional instability in the knee refers to a knee that is extremely unstable. Typically, multidirectional instability is due to ligaments of the knee being injured from a knee dislocation, it can also occur in patients with significant joint laxity, such as those with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Knee Instability

Complex Knee Injuries

Assessment of Knee Ligament Injuries

When there is suspicion for a multi-ligament knee injury, four main ligament areas of the knee must be assessed for possible injury. Within these areas, there can be several bundles or structures that need to be reconstructed.

The four main ligament areas of the knee that need assessment include: anterior cruciate […]

Complex Knee Injuries
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