Articular Cartilage

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Knee Arthritis

Description of Knee Arthritis

Arthritis in the knees is a debilitating condition that affects thousands of people every day.

Knee arthritis is any injury that involves damage to the cartilage on the end of the bones (the gristle that one sees on the end of a chicken bone is the cartilage). Once the cartilage in the knee […]

Knee Arthritis

Chondral Defect of the Knee

What is Cartilage?

The ends of the femur and tibia, the knee bones, are capped with a gristle which is called cartilage.  Cartilage is a remarkable organ because it can withstand a significant amount of impact and shear-type activities over time.

Causes Articular Cartilage Fissure

An articular cartilage injury, or chondral injury, may occur as a result of a pivot […]

Chondral Defect of the Knee

Effects of a Partial Meniscectomy on Articular Cartilage

What is the Meniscus?

The menisci are essential shock absorbers for the joint.  They are also important for normal gait and stability of the knee.  We are just starting to understand the role that a partial meniscectomy has on a patient’s overall gait pattern, their subsequent muscle weakness, and the overload of the joint that occurs when […]

Effects of a Partial Meniscectomy on Articular Cartilage

Risk of Osteoarthritis After ACL Surgery

Overview of ACL Surgery and Osteoarthritis in the Knee

ACL reconstructions are among the most common orthopaedic procedures performed in the United States. However, despite surgery intended to stabilize the joint, individuals who undergo an ACL reconstruction have a 3 to 5 times greater risk of developing posttraumatic arthritis of the knee. Thus, it […]

Risk of Osteoarthritis After ACL Surgery

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Description of Knee Osteoarthritis

To understand osteoarthritis of the knee, it is important to understand the conditions of a healthy knee.

Osteoarthritis forms when there is damage to the articular cartilage. The articular cartilage is the “gristle” at the end of the femur, tibia, and patella. The synovial fluid in the knee and articular cartilage at the […]

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee | Treatment for Osteochondritis Dissecans

Description of Osteochondritis Dissecans Knee

Osteochondritis dissecans can affect any joint in the body but the knee is the most commonly affected joint.

Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee, or OCD knee, is a condition that is caused by a reduction of blood flow to the end of a bone within the knee joint. This condition occurs most […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee | Treatment for Osteochondritis Dissecans

Patellar Chondromalacia | Anterior Knee Pain

Description of Patellar Chondromalacia

Patellar chondromalacia refers to pain around the front (anterior) part of the knee.  In the past, it was often a wastebasket term for describing anterior knee pain.  However, patellar chondromalacia refers to a specific diagnosis of the knee.

Injuries, wear and tear, or genetics may play a role in the breakdown of the […]

Patellar Chondromalacia | Anterior Knee Pain
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