PCL Studies

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Posterior Cruciate Ligament: Current Concepts Review

ABJS 2018 The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the largest and strongest ligament in the human knee, and the primary posterior stabilizer. Recent anatomy and biomechanical studies have provided an improved understanding of PCL function. PCL injuries are typically combined [...]

Emerging Updates on the Posterior Cruciate Ligament

AJSM 2015 The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is recognized as an essential stabilizer of the knee. However, the complexity of the ligament has generated controversy about its definitive role and the recommended treatment after injury. A proper understanding of the [...]

The Supine Internal Rotation Test

OJSM 2015 Biomechanical studies have reported that the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) functions as a restraint against excessive tibial internal rotation at higher degrees of knee flexion. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of a supine [...]

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Fixation Angles, Part II

AJSM 2014 Prior studies have suggested that anatomic double-bundle (DB) posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (PCLR) reduces residual laxity compared with the intact state better than single-bundle PCLR. Although the anterolateral bundle (ALB) and posteromedial bundle (PMB) reportedly act codominantly, few [...]

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Fixation Angles, Part I

AJSM 2014 Currently, no consensus exists for the optimal graft fixation angle for anatomic single-bundle (SB) posterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (PCLRs). Additionally, direct graft forces have not been measured. Alternative graft fixation angles and the resultant graft forces should be [...]

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tears – Functional and Postop Rehab

KSSTA 2012 This study evaluated the current literature for both functional and post-operative rehabilitation for PCL tears.  A very comprehensive summary of the current treatment for acute PCL tears, both non-operatively and operatively, as well as post-operative treatment of PCL reconstructions was [...]

Historical Perspective of PCL Bracing

KSSTA 2012 This manuscript went into detail about the history of PCL braces, why PCL braces are needed, and what future research is necessary to improve on PCL bracing.  Basically, we found that most current braces do not place sufficient force on [...]

Arthroscopic Anatomy of the PCL

THE JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY 2012 The clock-face method to identify the femoral posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) attachment has poor accuracy and reproducibility. Measurements of clinically relevant anatomic structures would provide more useful surgical guidance. The purpose of this [...]

Double Bundle PCL Technique and Outcomes

THE JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY 2011 A variety of techniques have been developed to improve clinical outcomes and objective knee stability following posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. Additional refinements in surgical and rehabilitation techniques are necessary for improvement [...]

Radiographic Identification of the Primary Medial Knee Structures

JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY 2009 Radiographic landmarks for medial knee attachment sites during anatomic repairs or reconstructions are unknown. If identified, they could assist in the preoperative evaluation of structure location and allow for postoperative assessment of reconstruction [...]

Posterior Cruciate Ligament – Current Concepts

AAOS INSTRUCTIONAL COURSE LECTURES 2002 Understanding of posterior cuciate ligament (PCL) injuries of the knee has increased in large part because of a better understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics of the PCL and the posterolateral corner. More careful clinical [...]

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