The Steadman Clinic

Meniscus Studies

Home/Meniscus Studies

ACL
Posterior Wall Blowout During Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Suspensory Cortical Fixation With a Screw and Washer Post
Posterior Wall Blowout in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Outcomes and Risk Factors of Rerevision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review
High-Load Preconditioning of Soft Tissue Grafts: An In Vitro Biomechanical Bovine Tendon Model
An In Vitro Robotic Assessment of the Anterolateral Ligament, Part 1
An In Vitro Robotic Assessment of the Anterolateral Ligament, Part 2
Lack of consensus regarding pretensioning and preconditioning protocols for soft tissue graft reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament
Dimensional assessment of continuous loop cortical suspension devices and clinical implications for intraoperative button flipping and intratunnel graft length
Return to Play Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Functional bracing of ACL injuries: current state and future directions
Femoral Cortical Suspension Devices for Soft Tissue Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Biomechanical Comparison of Interference Screws and Combination Screw and Sheath Devices for Soft Tissue Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction on the Tibial Side
Biomechanical Comparison of Anatomic Single- and Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions
Evaluation of a Simulated Pivot Shift Test
Avoiding Tunnel Collisions Between Fibular Collateral Ligament and ACL Posterolateral Bundle Reconstruction
Radiographic landmarks for tunnel positioning in double-bundle ACL reconstructions
Arthroscopic Landmarks for SB and DB
The Role of the Oblique Popliteal Ligament and Other Structures in Preventing Knee Hyperextension
Comparative Kinematic Evaluation of All-Inside Single-Bundle and Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
All-Inside Double Bundle ACL Reconstruction 1.1 Versus 2.2 Tunnel-Drilling Technique
A Comparison Between a Retrograde Interference Screw, Suture Button, and Combined Fixation on the Tibial Side in an All-Inside Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
External Rotation Recurvatum Test Revisited
The Effects of Grade III Posterolateral Knee Complex Injuries on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Force
Effects of Aggressive Notchplasty Normal Dog Knee
The Reharvested Central Third of the Patellar Tendon
Femoral Intercondylar Notch Stenosis and and ACL Injuries
Anterolateral Ligament
Biomechanical Role of Lateral Structures in Controlling Anterolateral Rotatory Laxity: The Anterolateral Ligament
Anatomic Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction of the Knee Leads to Overconstraint at Any Fixation Angle
Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Technique: An Anatomic-Based Approach
An In Vitro Robotic Assessment of the Anterolateral Ligament, Part 1
An In Vitro Robotic Assessment of the Anterolateral Ligament, Part 2
PCL
Anatomic Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: State of the Art
Emerging Updates on the Posterior Cruciate Ligament
The Supine Internal Rotation Test
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Fixation Angles, Part I
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Fixation Angles, Part II
Quantification of Functional Brace Forces for Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries on the Knee Joint: an In Vivo Investigation
Radiographic Landmarks for Tunnel Positioning in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tears – Functional and Postop Rehab
Historical Perspective of PCL Bracing
Arthroscopic Anatomy of the PCL
Double Bundle PCL Technique and Outcomes
Kneeling Stress Radiographs for the Evaluation of Posterior Knee Laxity
Posterior Cruciate Ligament – Current Concepts
Lateral Aspect of the Knee Studies
Outcome Following Anatomic Fibular (Lateral) Collateral Ligament Reconstruciton
Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Lateral Side of the Knee and Surgical Implications
Medial Aspect of the Knee
Medial Patellar Instability: Treatment and Outcomes
Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Medial Side of the Knee and Their Surgical Implications
Repair and Reconstruction of Medialand Lateral-sided Knee Injuries
Intramedullary Tibial Nailing Reduces the Attachment Area and Ultimate Load of the Anterior Medial Meniscal Root
sMCL – Anatomic Augmented Repair vs Anatomic Reconsturction
Management of Injuries to the Medial Side of the Knee
Development of an Anatomic Medial Knee Reconstruction
Structural Properties of the Primary Medial Knee Ligaments
Radiographic Identification of the Primary Medial Knee Structures
Medial Knee Injury Part 1, Static Function of the Individual Components of the Main Medial Knee Structures
Medial Knee Injury Part 2, Load Sharing Between the Posterior Oblique Ligament and Superficial Medial Collateral Ligament
Correlation of Valgus Stress Radiographs With Medial Knee Ligament Injuries
An In Vitro Analysis of an Anatomical Medial Knee Reconstruction
Medial Knee Reconstructions and the Satorial Branch of the Saphenous Nerve
Medial Plica Irritation: Diagnosis and Treatment
Force Measurements on the Posterior Oblique Ligament and Superficial Medial Collateral Ligament Proximal and Distal Divisions to Applied Loads
The Anatomy of the Medial Part of the Knee
PLC Studies
Anatomic Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction
Improving Outcomes for Posterolateral Knee Injuries
Outcomes of Untreated Posterolateral Knee Injuries: an In Vivo Canine Model
Avoiding Tunnel Collisions Between Fibular Collateral Ligament and ACL Posterolateral Bundle Reconstruction
Outcomes of Treatment of Acute Grade-III Isolated and Combined Posterolateral Knee Injuries
Outcomes of an Anatomic Posterolateral Knee Reconstruction
The Role of the Oblique Popliteal Ligament and Other Structures in Preventing Knee Hyperextension
Snapping biceps Femoris Tendon Treated with an Anatomic Repair
A Comparative Analysis of 7.0-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Histology Measurements of Knee Articular Cartilage in a Canine Posterolateral Knee Injury Model
Radiographic Identification of the Primary Posterolateral Knee Structures
The Reproducibility and Repeatability of Varus Stress Radiographs in the Assessment of Isolated Fibular Collateral Ligament and Grade-III Posterolateral Knee Injuries
Assessment of a Goat Model of Posterolateral Knee Instability
Varus Stress Radiographs for the Evaluation of FCL and Grade III PLC Injuries
Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Posterolateral Aspect of the Canine Knee
The Anatomy of the Posterior Aspect of the Knee
Biomechanical Analysis of an Isolated Fibular (Lateral) Collateral Ligament Reconstruction Using an Autogenous Semitendinosus Graft
Effect of tibial positioning on the diagnosis of posterolateral rotatory instability in the posterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee
A Prospective Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of the Incidence of Posterolateral and Multiple Ligament Injuries in Acute Knee Injuries Presenting With a Hemarthrosis
Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Lateral Side of the Knee
Anatomy of the Posterolateral Aspect of the Goats Knee
Posterolateral Corner Injuries of the Knee: Anatomy, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Posterolateral Corner of the Knee
Mechanical Properties of the Posterolateral Structures of the Knee
An Analysis of an Anatomical Posterolateral Knee Reconstruction
Assessment of Healing of Grade II Posterolateral Corner Injuries: an In Vivo Model
The anatomy of the posterolateral aspect of the rabbit knee
The Posterolateral Attachments of the Knee
Diagnosis and Treatment of Posterolateral Knee Injuries
The Effect of Injury to the Posterolateral Structures of the Knee on Force in a Posterior Cruciate Ligament Graft
The Magnetic Resonance Imaging Appearance of Individual Structures of the Posterolateral Knee
The Effects of Grade III Posterolateral Knee Complex Injuries on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Force
Arthroscopic Evaluation of the Lateral Compartment of Knees With Grade 3 Posterolateral Knee Complex Injuries
The Fibular Collateral Ligament-Biceps Femoris Bursa
Injuries to the Posterolateral Aspect of the Knee
The Posterolateral Aspect of the Knee
The Biceps Femoris Muscle Complex at the Knee
Localized Chondrocalcinosis of the Lateral Tibial Condyle
Articular Cartilage
Overlap Between Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Anterolateral Meniscal Root Insertions
Biomechanical Results of Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis Procedures of the Knee: A Systematic Review
Concentrated Bone Marrow Aspirate for the Treatment of Chondral Injuries and Osteoarthritis of the Knee
A Novel Posterior Arthrotomy Approach for the Treatment of a Large Osteochondral Defect of the Posterior Aspect of the Lateral Femoral Condyle of the Knee
Refrigerated Osteoarticular Allografts to Treat Articular Cartilage Defects of the Femoral Condyles
A Comparative Analysis of 7.0-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Histology Measurements of Knee Articular Cartilage in a Canine Posterolateral Knee Injury Model
Histologic and Immunohistochemical Characteristics of Failed Articular Cartilage Resurfacing Procedures for Osteochondritis of the Knee
Kissing Cartilage Lesions of the Knee Caused by a Bioabsorbable Meniscal Repair Device
Donor-Site Morbidity After Osteochondral Autograft Transfer Procedures
Commentary on Study of ACL vs Mosaicplasty
Articular Cartilage Knee Injuries
Meniscus
An Evidence-Based Approach to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Meniscal Root Tears
Posterior Meniscal Root Repairs – Outcomes of an Anatomic Transtibial Pull-Out Technique
Meniscal Ramp Lesions
A Novel Repair Method for Radial Tears of the Medial Meniscus
Posterior Meniscus Root Tears: Associated Pathologies to Assist as Diagnostic Tools
Recent Advances in Posterior Meniscal Root Repair Techniques
Biomechanical Consequences of a Nonanatomic Posterior Medial Meniscal Root Repair
Biomechanical Evaluation of the Transtibial Pull-Out Technique for Posterior Medial Meniscal Root Repairs Using 1 and 2 Transtibial Bone Tunnels
Cyclic Displacement After Meniscal Root Repair Fixation
Meniscal Root Tears
Anterior Meniscus Root Avulsion Following Intramedullary Nailing for a Tibial Shaft Fracture
Altered Tibiofemoral Contact Mechanics Due to Lateral Meniscus Posterior Horn Root Avulsions and Radial Tears Can Be Restored with in Situ Pull-Out Suture Repairs
Iatrogenic Meniscus Posterior Root Injury Following Reconstruction of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament
The Influence of Suture Material on the Strength of Horizontal Mattress Suture Configuration for Meniscus Repair
Qualitative and Quantitative Anatomic Analysis of the Posterior Root Attachments of the Medial and Lateral Menisci
A Prospective Outcomes Study of Meniscal Allograft Transplantation
Common Peroneal Nerve Neuropraxia After Arthroscopic Inside-Out Lateral Meniscus Repair
Posterior Root Avulsion Fracture of the Medial Meniscus in an Adolescent Female Patient With Surgical Reattachment
Not Your Father's (or Mother's) Meniscus Surgery
Popliteomeniscal Fascial Tears Causing Symptomatic Lateral Compartment Knee Pain
Anterior Intermeniscal Ligament of the Knee – An Anatomical Study
Posterior Aspect of the Knee
Arthroscopic Posteromedial Capsular Release
The Role of the Oblique Popliteal Ligament and Other Structures in Preventing Knee Hyperextension
The Anatomy of the Posterior Aspect of the Knee
Proximal Tibial Osteotomy
Quantitative radiographic assessment of the anatomic attachment sites of the anterior and posterior complexes of the proximal tibiofibular joint
Opening and Closing Wedge Distal Femoral Osteotomy
Clinical Outcomes of High Tibial Osteotomy for Knee Instability
Trochlear Dysplasia and the Role of Trochleoplasty
Prospective Outcomes of Young and Middle-Aged Adults With Medial Compartment Osteoarthritis Treated With a Proximal Tibial Opening Wedge Osteotomy
Proximal Tibial Opening Wedge Osteotomy as the Initial Treatment for Chronic Posterolateral Corner Deficiency in the Varus Knee
The Effect of a Proximal Tibial Medial Opening Wedge Osteotomy on Posterolateral Knee Instability
Proximal Tibial Opening Wedge Osteotomy as the Initial Treatment for Chronic Posterolateral Corner Deficiency in the Varus Knee
MRI and Radiographic Imaging
Ligamentous Reconstruction of the Knee: What Orthopaedic Surgeons Want Radiologists to Know
Insights into the Epiphyseal Cartilage Origin and Subsequent Osseous Manifestation of Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans with a Modified Clinical MR Imaging Protocol
Systematic Technique-Dependent Differences in CT Versus MRI Measurement of the Tibial Tubercle–Trochlear Groove Distance
Stress Radiography for the Diagnosis of Knee Ligament Injuries: A Systematic Review
Magnetic resonance imaging characterization of individual ankle syndesmosis structures in asymptomatic and surgically treated cohorts
A Comparative Analysis of 7.0-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Histology Measurements of Knee Articular Cartilage in a Canine Posterolateral Knee Injury Model
A Prospective Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of the Incidence of Posterolateral and Multiple Ligament Injuries in Acute Knee Injuries Presenting With a Hemarthrosis
The Magnetic Resonance Imaging Appearance of Individual Structures of the Posterolateral Knee
The Prevalence of Abnormal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Asymptomatic Knees
Case Reports Studies
A Novel Posterior Arthrotomy Approach for the Treatment of a Large Osteochondral Defect of the Posterior Aspect of the Lateral Femoral Condyle of the Knee
Treatment of a hip capsular injury in a professional soccer player with platelet-rich plasma and bone marrow aspirate concentrate therapy
Tibial Plateau “Kissing Lesion” From a Proud Osteochondral Autograft
Intra-articular lateral femoral condyle fracture following an ACL revision reconstruction
Intrasubstance Stretch Tear of a Preadolescent Patellar Tendon With Reconstruction Using Autogenous Hamstrings
Out of the ring and into a sling: acute latissimus dorsi avulsion in a professional wrestler
Bilateral Luxatio Erecta Humeri and Bilateral Knee Dislocations in the Same Patient
Kissing Cartilage Lesions of the Knee Caused by a Bioabsorbable Meniscal Repair Device
The Arthroscopic Appearance of Lipoma Arborescens of the Knee
Skin Necrosis with Mini-Dose Warfarin for Prophylaxis Against Thromboemolic Disease After Hip Surgery
The Operative Treatment of Scoliosis in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Localized Chondrocalcinosis of the Lateral Tibial Condyle
Idiopathic Osteonecrosis of the Patella: An Unusual Cause of Pain in the Knee
Sports Medicine Studies
Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank—Current Concepts, Future Research, and Barriers to Advancement, Part 1
AAOS Research Symposium Updates and Consensus: Biologic Treatment of Orthopaedic Injuries
AOSSM Early Sport Specialization Consensus Statement
Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank – Current Concepts, Future Research, and Barriers to Advancement, Part 1
Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank—Current Concepts, Future Research, and Barriers to Advancement, Part 2
A Physeal‐Sparing Fibular Collateral Ligament and Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Reconstruction in a Skeletally Immature Athlete
Validation of a Six Degree-of-Freedom Robotic System for Hip in vitro Biomechanical Testing
When Is It Too Early for Single Sport Specialization?
How Should We Evaluate Outcomes for Use of Biologics in the Knee?
Prevalence of Increased Alpha Angles as a Measure of Cam-Type Femoroacetabular Impingement in Youth Ice Hockey Players
Ice Hockey Goaltender Rehabilitation, Including On-Ice Progression, After Arthroscopic Hip Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement
Tekscan pressure sensor output changes in the presence of liquid exposure
Recruitment and Activity of the Pectineus and Piriformis Muscles During Hip Rehabilitation Exercises
Accuracy of a contour-based biplane fluoroscopy technique for tracking knee joint kinematics of different speeds
Rehabilitation Exercise Progression for the Gluteus Medius Muscle With Consideration for Iliopsoas Tendinitis
In Vivo Tibiofemoral Kinematics During 4 Functional Tasks of Increasing Demand Using Biplane Fluoroscopy
‘‘At-Risk’’ Positioning and Hip Biomechanics of the Peewee Ice Hockey Sprint Start
A Practical Guide to Research: Design, Execution, and Publication
Role of the Acetabular Labrum and the Iliofemoral Ligament in Hip Stability
Anatomic reconstruction of chronic symptomatic anterolateral proximal tibiofibular joint instability
Division I intercollegiate ice hockey team coverage
Assessment of Differences Between the Modified Cincinnati and International Knee Documentation Committee Patient Outcome Scores
Medial Plica Irritation: Diagnosis and Treatment
Arthroscopic posteromedial capsular release for knee flexion contractures
Book Review on Practical Orthopedics Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy
Cervical Spine Alignment in the Immobilized Ice Hockey Player
Acute Knee Injuries On-the-Field and Sideline Evaluation
New Horizons in the Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee
The Anatomy of the Deep Infrapatellar Bursa of the Knee
Injury surveillance at the USTA Boys' Tennis Championships: a 6-yr study
The Effect of the Mandatory Use of Face Masks on Facial Lacerations and Head and Neck Injuries in Ice Hockey

An Evidence-Based Approach to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Meniscal Root Tears

The purpose of this review was to summarize recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of meniscus root tears. Over the past decade, meniscal root tears have become increasingly recognized as a significant source of pain and disability. Meniscal root [...]

Posterior Meniscal Root Repairs – Outcomes of an Anatomic Transtibial Pull-Out Technique

AJSM 2016 Background: Outcomes after transtibial pull-out repair for posterior meniscal root tears remain underreported, and factors that may affect outcomes are unknown. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare patient-centered outcomes after transtibial pull-out repair for posterior [...]

Meniscal Ramp Lesions

2016 OJSM Meniscal ramp lesions are more frequently associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than previously recognized. Some authors suggest that this entity results from disruption of the meniscotibial ligaments of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus, whereas [...]

A Novel Repair Method for Radial Tears of the Medial Meniscus

AJSM 2015 Complete radial tears of the medial meniscus have been reported to be functionally similar to a total meniscectomy. At present, there is no consensus on an ideal technique for repair of radial midbody tears of the medial meniscus. [...]

Posterior Meniscus Root Tears: Associated Pathologies to Assist as Diagnostic Tools

2015 Springer The purpose of this study was to investigate associated pathologies identified at arthroscopy in patients with meniscus root tears. This study was Institutional Review Board approved. All patients who underwent arthroscopic knee surgery where a complete meniscus root tear [...]

Recent Advances in Posterior Meniscal Root Repair Techniques

JAAOS 2015 Posterior root avulsions of the medial and lateral menisci result in decreased areas of tibiofemoral contact and increased tibiofemoral contact pressures. These avulsions may lead to the development of osteoarthritis. Therefore, two surgical techniques, the transtibial pullout repair [...]

Biomechanical Consequences of a Nonanatomic Posterior Medial Meniscal Root Repair

AJSM 2015 Posterior medial meniscal root tears have been reported to extrude with the meniscus becoming adhered posteromedially along the posterior capsule. While anatomic repair has been reported to restore tibiofemoral contact mechanics, it is unknown whether nonanatomic positioning of [...]

Biomechanical Evaluation of the Transtibial Pull-Out Technique for Posterior Medial Meniscal Root Repairs Using 1 and 2 Transtibial Bone Tunnels

AJSM 2015 Current methods of the transtibial pull-out meniscal root repair significantly displace under cyclic loading in porcine models but have not been evaluated in human models. One potential explanation for the displacement is that a single transtibial tunnel may [...]

Cyclic Displacement After Meniscal Root Repair Fixation

AJSM 2015 Recent biomechanical evidence suggests that the meniscus-suture interface contributes the most displacement to the transtibial pull-out repair for meniscal root tears. Therefore, optimization of surgical technique at the meniscus-suture interface may minimize displacement and improve the strength of [...]

Meniscal Root Tears

AJSM 2014 Meniscal root tears present in many forms and can have profound consequences on the health of knee articular cartilage. While the biomechanics, natural history, and treatment of root tears have been increasingly investigated, the spectrum of meniscal root [...]

Anterior Meniscus Root Avulsion Following Intramedullary Nailing for a Tibial Shaft Fracture

KSSTA 2014 This study presents the first reported case of iatrogenic injury to the anterior medial meniscal root attachment following intramedullary nailing for a tibial shaft fracture. The patient experienced a closed right tibia-fibula fracture 7 years prior to presentation, [...]

Altered Tibiofemoral Contact Mechanics Due to Lateral Meniscus Posterior Horn Root Avulsions and Radial Tears Can Be Restored with in Situ Pull-Out Suture Repairs

THE JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY 2014 An avulsion of the posterior root attachement of the lateral meniscus or a radial tear close to the root attachment can lead to degenerative knee arthritis. The study hypothesized that in situ [...]

Iatrogenic Meniscus Posterior Root Injury Following Reconstruction of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament

THE JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY 2014 Detachment of the meniscal roots from their tibial posterior attachements can cause meniscal extrusion and joint space narrowing, and has been associated with knee arthritis. This study analyzes a series of cases in [...]

The Influence of Suture Material on the Strength of Horizontal Mattress Suture Configuration for Meniscus Repair

THE KNEE 2013 The study compared the mechanical characteristics of meniscal repair fixation using horizontal sutures and six different sutures under submaximal cyclic and load to failure test conditions. The purpose fo this study is to help aid physicians in [...]

Qualitative and Quantitative Anatomic Analysis of the Posterior Root Attachments of the Medial and Lateral Menisci

AJSM 2012 This manuscript went into specific detail about the attachment sites of the posterior roots of the medial and lateral meniscus.  This is a very hot topic currently, and this is the first study to actually define in detail where [...]

A Prospective Outcomes Study of Meniscal Allograft Transplantation

AJSM 2010 Symptomatic early-onset chondromalacia often develops after a meniscectomy in the affected knee compartment. The role of meniscal transplantation in reducing pain and improving function in patients with prior ipsilateral meniscectomy is still being defined. Download Full Article

Common Peroneal Nerve Neuropraxia After Arthroscopic Inside-Out Lateral Meniscus Repair

JOURNAL OF KNEE SURGERY 2009 Common peroneal nerve injury caused by suture entrapment is a complication of arthroscopic inside-out lateral meniscus repair. In the literature, the treatment of this complication has been described as immediate reexploration. We present a case of recovery after late neurolysis [...]

Posterior Root Avulsion Fracture of the Medial Meniscus in an Adolescent Female Patient With Surgical Reattachment

AJSM 2008 The attachment of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus has been shown to be essential in maintaining normal meniscal positioning and function, as well as preventing extrusion of the medial meniscus. Download Full Article

Not Your Father’s (or Mother’s) Meniscus Surgery

CLINICAL AND HEALTH AFFAIRS 2007 Not so long ago, the accepted treatment for meniscal tears was removal of the entire meniscus. Today, orthopaedic (orthopedic) surgeons are doing everything possible to save the meniscus, especially in young patients, in order to [...]

Popliteomeniscal Fascial Tears Causing Symptomatic Lateral Compartment Knee Pain

AJSM 2005 Symptomatic lateral compartment knee pain due to isolated injuries involving the popliteomeniscal fascicles of the lateral meniscus may be routinely missed on physical examination. Download Full Article

Anterior Intermeniscal Ligament of the Knee – An Anatomical Study

AJSM 2000 The purpose of this study was to identify the presence of the anterior intermeniscal ligament of the knee and to study its attachment patterns and relationships to other anatomic structures within the knee. Fifty unpaired cadaveric knees were dissected. An identifiably distinct anterior [...]